Rendering Templates

After you created an \Conia\Boiler\Engine object, you can render templates using its render() method.

Throughout this page we assume the following directory structure ...

`-- to
    |-- templates
    |   |-- subdir
    |   |   `-- subtemplate.php
    |   |-- blog.php
    |   |-- layout.php
    |   |-- more.php
    |   `-- page.php
    `-- theme
        |-- blog.php
        `-- additional.php

... and the Engine initialized in this way:

$engine = new \Conia\Boiler\Engine(
        'theme' => '/path/to/theme',
        'templates' => '/path/to/templates',
    defaults: [
        'titleSuffix' => ' - Boiler Template Engine',
    autoescape: true,

Simple rendering

To render the template page.php from the filesystem tree above, you reference it using the name page with or without the file extension.

$html = $engine->render('page');

// or
$html = $engine->render('page.php');

If you like to use a custom file extension add it to the name:


Values available to the template must be provided as associative array:

$html = $engine->render('page', [
    'title' => 'The Title',
    'content' => 'The content of the page.',

If the page.php template would look like this:

    <h1><?= $title ?></h1>
    <div><?= $content ?></div>

The result of the render call above would be:

    <h1>The Title</h1>
    <div>The content of the page.</div>

Templates in subdirectories

$html = $engine->render('subdir/subtemplate', ['value' =>  13]);

Template overrides

If a template with the same name is available in more than one of your template directories, the first one found is used. In our example above, there is a blog template in both templates and theme. As theme is the first entry in the array passed to Engine, blog from this directory is used by default:

// renders /path/to/theme/blog.php
$engine->render('blog', ['value' => 13]);

This can for example be used to implement themeable or customizable templates where you provide a default set of templates which can later be partially or completely overriden by a theme or similar.

You can force to render blog from the templates directory if you use namespaces. See the next section on how this is accomplished.


In our engine instantiation example above we pass an associative array with the template directories to the constructor. The keys of the array serve as namespaces. To render a template from a specific namespace, locate it using the namespace followed bei a colon followed by the template name:

$html = $engine->render('templates:blog', ['value' =>  13]);

// A template in a subdirectory
$html = $engine->render('templates:subdir/subtemplate', ['value' =>  13]);

This way you can prevent template overriding explained in the section before.